Removal of Cysts and Lipomas

Cyst Removal Surgery

Cysts and lipomas are growths that commonly arise on the body, causing discomfort, pain, or unsightly bulges. While they are generally non-cancerous and pose no serious health threats, they can adversely affect a person’s quality of life and self-image. Fortunately, these growths can be safely and easily removed through medical intervention. 

In this article, we will talk about the underlying causes and symptoms of cysts and lipomas, the various types of removal procedures available, and the recovery process. Whether you’re considering removing a cyst or lipoma for cosmetic or medical purposes or want to learn more about the sebaceous cyst removal process, this article provides a comprehensive guide to assist you in making an informed decision and putting your mind at ease.

What are cysts?

A cyst is a sac-like structure containing fluid, air, or other materials. Cysts can develop anywhere in the body but are most commonly found on the skin, ovaries, kidneys, and liver. Some cysts are congenital and present at birth, while others develop over time.

What are lipomas?

A lipoma is a type of benign tumor that develops from fat cells. Lipomas are soft, movable, and typically painless. They can develop anywhere in the body where there is fat tissue, but they are most commonly found on the shoulders, back, arms, and thighs.

Causes of cysts and lipomas 

Cysts and lipomas can occur for a variety of reasons. Cysts can develop when fluid or pus accumulates in a sac under the skin. They can also form due to infections, blockages of sebaceous glands, or abnormalities in the skin. Lipomas, conversely, are growths made up of fat cells that accumulate just beneath the skin. The exact cause of lipomas is still unknown, but they tend to run in families and may be related to genetics or hormonal imbalances.

Symptoms of Cysts and Lipomas

Cysts and lipomas are types of benign growths that can appear on various body parts. The symptoms associated with these growths depend on their location and size. Cysts that develop on the skin are small, raised bumps that are typically painless but may contain white, yellow, or grey substances that can ooze out if the cyst ruptures.

Cysts that develop in the ovaries or other internal organs can cause pain, swelling, or pressure in the affected area. Also, some cysts may become infected, leading to symptoms such as redness, warmth, tenderness, and the production of pus with a foul odor. 

Lipomas, however, are soft, movable, and typically painless lumps that can be felt beneath the skin. Lipomas located deep within the body may not produce any symptoms, but those close to the skin can be felt as soft, doughy masses. Lipomas can range from a few millimeters to several centimeters and may grow slowly over time. 

Although rare, lipomas may become painful or tender if they grow near nerves or other sensitive tissues. They may also cause cosmetic concerns if located in visible areas of the body.

When to seek medical attention

Medical attention should be sought if a cyst or lipoma proliferates, becomes painful, changes color or texture, or becomes infected, resulting in redness, warmth, and tenderness in the surrounding area. If an individual develops multiple cysts or lipomas, it could indicate an underlying medical condition, such as a genetic disorder or hormonal imbalance. It’s important to note that not all growths are cysts or lipomas, and some may be cancerous or other types of tumors. 

Any unusual growth or changes in the skin should be consulted with a healthcare provider to determine the cause and appropriate treatment. While most cysts and lipomas are harmless, it’s crucial to remain vigilant of any changes in size, shape, or color and seek medical attention if necessary.

Types of removal procedures 

  1. Excision

Excision is a surgical procedure that involves cutting out the cyst or lipoma with a scalpel. This is the most common method for removing these growths. The area around the cyst or lipoma is numbed with a local anesthetic, and the growth is removed along with a small amount of surrounding tissue to ensure all the cells are removed.

After the excision, the wound is typically closed with stitches or sutures. The area may be covered with a bandage or dressing, and the patient may need to return to the doctor’s office to remove the stitches.

  1. Drainage

If a cyst or lipoma is infected, it may need to be drained. This procedure involves making a small incision in the growth and draining the contents using a syringe or other device. Once the cyst or lipoma is drained, the area is cleaned and dressed, and the patient is typically given antibiotics to prevent infection.

Drainage is usually a temporary solution, as the cyst or lipoma may fill up again. In some cases, the cyst or lipoma may need to be surgically removed after being drained.

  1. Liposuction

Liposuction is a minimally invasive procedure that can be used to remove small lipomas. This procedure involves making a small incision in the skin and using a cannula to suction out the fatty tissue. Liposuction is less invasive than excision and can be performed under local anesthesia. But it is not suitable for all lipomas, particularly deep or large ones.

  1. Laser removal

Laser removal is a non-invasive procedure that can remove certain types of lipomas. This procedure involves using a laser to destroy the cells within the growth, causing them to shrink and eventually disappear. Laser removal is typically painless and requires no incisions or stitches. It is not suitable for all types of growths, though, and may not be effective for larger lipomas.

  1. Cryotherapy 

Cryotherapy involves freezing the cyst or lipoma with liquid nitrogen, causing the cells to die and the growth to fall off. This procedure is minimally invasive and requires no incisions or stitches. It may only be suitable for some types of growth and may not be as effective as other removal methods.

Recovery Process

After the removal procedure, the patient will typically be given instructions on caring for the affected area. This may include keeping the area clean and dry, applying ice to reduce swelling, and taking pain medication if necessary. Stitches or sutures will need to be removed within a few days to a week, depending on the size and location of the growth. The area may be sore or tender for a few days but should gradually heal.


Removing cysts and lipomas can be a relatively simple and safe procedure when performed by a trained medical professional. These growths can often be removed using minimally invasive techniques, and the recovery time is usually minimal. But it is important to note that not all cysts or lipomas need to be removed, and a doctor should be consulted to determine the best course of action. If a cyst or lipoma is causing discomfort or affecting one’s appearance, removal may be a viable option and can provide relief and peace of mind.

Contact Skin Clinic Robina

If you think that you may have a sebaceous cyst and would like to have it examined by a doctor, arrange for an appointment with Skin Clinic Robina today, specialists in sebaceous cyst removal surgery.